19:1 "And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the
gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed
himself with his face toward the ground; 2 And he said, Behold now, my
lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all
night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your
ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night. 3
And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and
entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake
unleavened bread, and they did eat."
in a weak spiritual condition. While he had a righteous soul (2 Pet.
2:8), he was vexed with the unlawful deeds of the wicked. Before Lot
came to Sodom he dwelled in tents with Abraham. Now Lot has increased
with material goods, but not increased with the spiritual blessings of
fellowship with God and with His servants. He had gone from dwelling in
a tent to dwelling in a house. He had gone from being a herdsman to
being on the city council of Sodom (we know this because he sat in the
gate of Sodom).
seeing the angels, desired to have fellowship with the angels. Lot
probably did not know at this time they were angels, but he knew they
were not of Sodom and he was hungry for fellowship for someone not of
Sodom. Lot was willing to serve these men and be hospitable to them.
However, they (the angels) were not as interested in having fellowship
with Lot. He said they would tarry in the street that night. However,
Lot prevailed upon them and they agreed to stay with Lot that night.
Lot made them a feast and baked unleavened bread for them and they did
eat. Thus, the angels did have fellowship with Lot.
19:4-11 Angels Encounter with the Sodomites
19:4 "But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of
Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people
from every quarter: 5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where
are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us,
that we may know them. 6 And Lot went out at the door unto them, and
shut the door after him, 7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so
wickedly. 8 Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man;
let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is
good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came
they under the shadow of my roof. 9 And they said, Stand back. And they
said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a
judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they
pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door. 10
But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them,
and shut to the door. 11 And they smote the men that were at the door of
the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied
themselves to find the door."
above passage of scripture we make the following observations:
1. When Abraham interceded on behalf of Lot the
Lord said that if there were as few as ten righteous within the city he
would not destroy the city for the ten's sake. The above passage tells
us that there were not more than four righteous in the city at most.
2. All the men of the city were practicing
Sodomy. This was true for both old and young alike and from all
quarters of the city.
3. All the men were desirous to forcibly rape
the strangers who came within the city of Sodom. There desire to know
them was not to get acquainted with them, but to have sodomite relations
4. Lot's two daughters were married, yet
according to Lot they did not know a man. Apparently, the marriage was
a marriage of convenience as the sons-in-law were Sodomites as well.
5. Lot's offer of his daughters to this mob was
itself a wicked act. Thus, we know that righteous men can do wicked
6. The men of Lot were not interested in the
daughters of Lot.
7. When Lot refused to bring the men out to the
howling mob, they turned on Lot and threatened to do to him what they
planned on doing to the men.
8. The strangers revealed themselves to be
angels when they pulled Lot back into the house and smote all the men
with blindness, both small and great, so that they wearied themselves to
find the door.
9. Heb. 13:2 "Be not forgetful to entertain
strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares." Lot was
one that had entertained strangers and being unaware of their station
had entertained angels.
19:12-23 Lot departs from Sodom
19:12 "And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in
law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the
city, bring them out of this place: 13 For we will destroy this place,
because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and
the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.
Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his
daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will
destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in
when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise,
take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be
consumed in the iniquity of the city. 16 And while he lingered, the men
laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the
hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they
brought him forth, and set him without the city.
it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said,
Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the
plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed. 18 And Lot said
unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord: 19 Behold now, thy servant hath found
grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast
showed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain,
lest some evil take me, and I die: 20 Behold now, this city is near to
flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not
a little one?) and my soul shall live. 21 And he said unto him, See, I
have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow
this city, for the which thou hast spoken. 22 Haste thee, escape
thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore
the name of the city was called Zoar. 23 The sun was risen upon the
earth when Lot entered into Zoar."
are two main themes in the passage above – the judgment of God and the
mercy of God.
showed forth his judgment upon the cities of the plain because of their
exceeding wickedness: Ps. 9:17 "The wicked shall be turned into hell,
and all the nations that forget God." Jude 1:7 "Even as Sodom and
Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves
over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an
example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire." Thus, the wicked are
responsible for their actions and further God's longsuffering only goes
so far when it comes to the acts of gross wickedness. God is not
mocked. The inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities of the
plain had given themselves over to fornication and had gone after
strange flesh. There is no reason why they would not have known better
and yet they rejected the laws of God to commit their fornication with
strange flesh. God answered in judgment upon them because of their
mercy of God is manifest towards Lot and towards his wife and
daughters. Lot was not deserving, as he had lived in such a way that
his sons-in-law thought he was mocking them as he warned them to flee
the destruction of Sodom. Lot because of his manner of living had not
been a faithful witness of the right way of the Lord. Further, Lot's
proposal to the howling mob of bringing his daughters out to them was
also wicked. Yet, God was merciful to Lot. God is merciful to his
elect children. We don't always get what we deserve, but rather, we are
blessed to partake of God's mercy. God was merciful to Lot in
delivering him from the destruction of the cities of the plain. Lot had
seemingly been reluctant to leave as he lingered in his departure from
Sodom. Further, God was merciful and longsuffering toward Lot in
granting him his petition to dwell in Zoar and sparing Zoar from the
destruction. If Lot had been acting on faith, he would have gone up to
the mountain as God had told him initially. Later, Lot realizes his
folly and goes on up to the mountain as God had initially warned him to
go. Further, because of God mercy toward Lot, He held off on the
destruction of the cities until Lot entered into Zoar.
Lot's actions were not always good, yet God's mercy toward Lot is an
encouragement to each of God's children. Unfortunately, there are times
that we are guilty of acting like Lot, and yet God is merciful to us.
We should be quick to praise God for his mercies towards us.