Genesis 23 Place of Sarah's Death
23:2 "And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same is Hebron in the land of
Canaan: and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her." The
place of Sarah's death was Kirjatharba, also known as Hebron in the land
The names of the city and the country in
which Sarah died tell us a story about death. The name Kirjatharba
means "city of the four (giants)." The name Hebron means "seat of
association." The name Canaan means "one that humbles and subdues."
In the book of 1 Samuel chapter 17 there was
a giant by the name of Goliath. Goliath was a type of Satan. Goliath
had four sons who were also giants. Kirjatharba was the city of four
giants. Goliath was the father of four giants. Satan was declared to
be a murderer from the beginning. The four giants that Satan brings
against us are sin, death, hell, and the grave. From these four giants
we have no power to overcome them. They have total control over us.
Hebron means seat of association. When Adam
transgressed in the Garden of Eden he was our federal head representing
all of his posterity. We all are associated with the results of Adam's
transgression. By succumbing to the enticements of the serpent, Adam
brought himself and all mankind under the curse of the law of sin and
death. He brought us to have the four giants rule over us: sin, death,
hell, and the grave.
Canaan means "one that humbles and
subdues." The very knowledge of death humbles us and causes us to
realize that we cannot overcome the bondage of death. We are subdued by
It is only through the covenant work of Jesus
Christ that we are delivered from the four giants. Through the atoning
blood of Christ and his subsequent resurrection from the dead that we
are delivered from sin, death, hell, and the grave. Thanks be to our
Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, who has given us the victory over these
Purchase of a Burial Site
Sarah died, Abraham purchased form the children of Heth a place to bury
Sarah: "Gen. 23:12 "And Abraham bowed down himself before the people of
the land. 13 And he spake unto Ephron in the audience of the people of
the land, saying, But if thou wilt give it, I pray thee, hear me: I will
give thee money for the field; take it of me, and I will bury my dead
there. 14 And Ephron answered Abraham, saying unto him, 15 My lord,
hearken unto me: the land is worth four hundred shekels of
silver; what is that betwixt me and thee? bury therefore thy dead. 16
And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the
silver, which he had named in the audience of the sons of Heth, four
hundred shekels of silver, current money with the merchant. 17 And
the field of Ephron, which was in Machpelah, which was before Mamre, the
field, and the cave which was therein, and all the trees that were in
the field, that were in all the borders round about, were made sure 18
Unto Abraham for a possession in the presence of the children of Heth,
before all that went in at the gate of his city."
process of time, Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebekah, and Jacob and
Leah were all buried in this possession of a burying site that Abraham
purchased for four hundred shekels of silver.
hundred is closely associated in the
scriptures with the subject of bondage. A part of the bondage
that the elect come face to face with is death and the grave. Silver is
associated in the scriptures with the subject of redemption. Thus, the
deliverance from the bondage of death and the grave is found in the
redemptive work of Jesus Christ.
history of humankind, the vast majority of people have never seen anyone
delivered from death and the grave. From the viewpoint of what we see
with our eyes, no one who goes down into the grave ever returns into the
land of the living. This bondage of death and the grave strikes fear in
the hearts of men. This fear of death torments the hearts of men (1
John 4:18). Not only does the grave hold its occupants, but also the
fear of death subjects the living all of their lifetime to the bondage
of death (Heb. 2:15). One only need visit a funeral service to see the
fear that many who are present are expressing in their faces.
deliverance for the elect children of God both from the bondage of the
grave and from the fear of death. Job expressed his belief in the
resurrection from the grave: Job 19:23 "Oh that my words were now
written! oh that they were printed in a book! 24 That they were graven
with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever! 25 For I know that my
redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the
earth: 26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my
flesh shall I see God:" Thus, Job believed that the same flesh that the
skin worms destroyed would one day see God!
deliverance from the bondage of the grave and from the fear of death is
found in the covenant work of Jesus Christ. This covenant is stated in
Rom. 8:29, 30: "For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be
conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among
many brethren. Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called:
and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them
he also glorified." This covenant promise is such that it overcomes the
wages of sin, which is death through the justifying blood of Christ. In
addition, this covenant promise delivers us from the bondage of the
grave in that we will one day stand glorified before God.
Therefore, through this covenant promise, we have hope that the end of
this life is not to lie in the grave forever, but that the very flesh
that goes to the grave Christ will resurrect from the grave and present
to God in a glorified state. For this promise to be fulfilled Jesus
came and delivered us from the curse of the law of sin and death. Heb.
2:14 "Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood,
he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he
might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; 15
And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime
subject to bondage."
those who understand this covenant promise death and the grave no longer
hold the torment over them that they once had. Their hope in the
resurrection is very precious unto them.