Beginning with Genesis chapter 2 verse 5 the phrase LORD God is used as
the name for God throughout the rest of the second chapter and through
the third chapter. The word "LORD" is in all capitals in the King James
translation of the bible. Wherever, this use of all capitals in
spelling the word, lord, is found it has reference to the title
"Jehovah" to describe God. Jehovah was not spelled out in the Old
Testament, but only the consonants were used JHVH or YHWH which when the
vowels are added make the names Jehovah or Yahweh. This has reference
to God as the covenant making covenant keeping God. In chapter 2, God
had made with man the covenant of the law of sin and death. Likewise,
he had made with the man and woman the covenant of marriage.
word, LORD, is appended with the word, God, it brings together the
description of God as both the creator of all things or the Almighty and
God as the covenant making covenant keeping God. As the creator of all
things, God has the right and authority and ability to enforce the
covenants that he establishes. God made the covenant of the law of sin
and death in chapter 2 and he comes to enforce this covenant in chapter
mother of all living
3:20 "And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of
all living." The name Eve literally means mother. She was given this
name because she is the mother of all living. There has been much
speculation in scientific communities about their being multiple sources
or lines of genealogy back to the fountainheads of mankind. However,
even science has finally come to recognize that through DNA studies that
all mankind can be traced back to a single set of parents.
people have speculated in Genesis chapter 6 when the scriptures speak of
the sons of God and the daughters of men, that perhaps angels had
cohabitated with men and brought forth children. However, our verse
above completely rules out this idea as a possibility. We will deal
more with Genesis chapter 6 when we get there.
redemption vs. the impossibility of man redeeming himself
Gen. 3:21 "Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of
skins, and clothed them. 22 And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is
become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth
his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:
23 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to
till the ground from whence he was taken. 24 So he drove out the man;
and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming
sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life."
Previously Adam and Eve had sewed fig leaves together and made
themselves aprons to hide the shame of their nakedness (sin). This,
however, was not an appropriate covering. Their efforts to cover their
sin were totally ineffective. Only God can cover sin. In the passage
above we find that God made coats of skins and clothed Adam and Eve.
This symbolizes to us that for a suitable covering of sin there must be
a sacrifice. Further, this sacrifice must be provided by God. Truly
our works (sewed fig leaves) cannot save us from our sins: 2 Tim. 1:9
"Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to
our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given
us in Christ Jesus before the world began." The Lord Jesus Christ came
as the Lamb of God to save his people from their sins (Matt. 1:21). God
provided the only sacrifice that was suitable to cover us from our sins.
Adam and Eve ate of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and
evil in the midst of the Garden, they were free to eat of every tree of
the Garden but of this one. Also in the midst of the Garden was the
tree of life. They had been free to eat of that tree according to the
covenant God had made with Adam in the Garden. Had they eaten of that
tree they would have lived forever in their innocent state. Once,
however, they had eaten of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil,
Adam and Eve lost the privilege and ability to eat of the tree of life.
God "drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way
of the tree of life." No matter how much man may have wanted to come
back and eat of the tree of life, he had no authority or ability to come
back as God made it impossible for man to come back.
Similarly, we read that the Lord said that it was impossible for man to
do anything to get eternal life: Matt. 19:25 "When his disciples heard
it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved? 26 But
Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible;
but with God all things are possible." Eternal life is the gift of God
and is given to the elect. Man cannot do anything to get eternal life.
Like Adam and Eve we are clothed with the righteousness of the Lord
Jesus Christ thru his sacrificial atonement: 2 Cor. 5:21 "For he hath
made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the
righteousness of God in him."