Fall of Adam and Eve in the Garden
"Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the
LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye
shall not eat of every tree of the garden? 2 And the woman said unto the
serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: 3 But of
the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath
said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. 4
And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: 5 For God
doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be
opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. 6 And when the
woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to
the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the
fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and
he did eat."
serpent was the creature that enticed the woman and subsequently the man
to eat of the forbidden fruit and so fall in trespasses and sins. In
Revelations chapters 12 and 20 the serpent is identified for us:
1. Rev. 12:9 "And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent,
called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was
cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him."
2. Rev. 20:2 "And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which
is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years."
conclude that the serpent in the garden is none other than the Devil or
Satan who had taken up residence in the body of the serpent.
above passage speaks of the subtlety of the serpent it is talking about
the subtlety of Satan. The word, subtle, comes from a Hebrew word
meaning "cunning or crafty." We notice the devices of the serpent:
1. He went to the weakest link. Eve was the weakest link because she
had not been an eyewitness of what God had said to Adam. She was still
a rib in Adam's side when God gave the law of sin and death to Adam.
What Eve knew, she knew, because of what Adam had said to her. Also, we
notice that Adam did not tell Eve the exact same thing that God had told
Adam. Based on Eve's response to the serpent, she thought that God had
said "We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: But of the
fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye
shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die." Thus, it
would appear that Adam had told Eve that she was not to eat of the tree
or even touch it, lest ye die.
2. The serpent called in question the veracity of the word of God when
he asked, "Ye hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the
garden?" He is questioning what God had said. Likewise, Satan in
tempting Christ in the wilderness said, "If thou be the Son of Godů"
Again, Satan is calling in question the Sonship of Jesus Christ. In
doing so, he was questioning the truthfulness of God who said that
Christ was his son.
3. Next, the serpent contradicted the word of God. As the Lord said,
the devil was a liar from the beginning and the father of liars. Satan
said, "Ye shall not surely die:" God had said that "in the day thou
eatest thereof thou shalt surely die." Satan said, "Ye shall not surely
die." Thus, Satan is questioning the truthfulness of God and setting
himself up as being greater than God.
4. Moreover, the serpent sets forth the enticement to work on the
desires of the flesh: "For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof,
then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good
and evil." Now the enticement is that if you eat of the tree then your
eyes will be opened and you will become godlike and know good and
evil." This fits the principle set forth in the book of James: James
1:13 "Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God
cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man: 14 But every
man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. 15
Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it
is finished, bringeth forth death." Notice the serpent provided the
enticement to the lust of the flesh. Before sin is brought forth and
then death, the enticement must conceive with the lust (desires of the
5. Man was created with three types of fleshly desires. The desires in
and of themselves are not sinful. Sin is brought forth when the fleshly
desires conceive with the enticement to evil. We read of these three
fleshly desires in 1 John 2:16 "For all that is in the world, the lust
of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of
the Father, but is of the world." Notice that when Eve looked at the
tree of knowledge of good and evil she saw: "that the tree was good for
food (lust of the flesh), and that it was pleasant to the eyes (lust of
the eyes), and a tree to be desired to make one wise (pride of life).
6. When the enticement of Satan conceived in the mind of Eve with the
lust of her flesh she ate of the tree (sin) and this sin brought forth
7. The fallen one (Eve) now becomes the serpent's instrument to entice
the as yet unfallen man (Adam): Eve having eaten of the forbidden fruit
"then gave also to her husband with her; and he did eat."
was a major difference between the sin of Eve and the sin of Adam. Eve
was deceived in her fall, yet Adam was not deceived. He knew exactly
what God had said and the consequences of his actions, yet he did it
anyway. Adam was left with an alternative choice when he saw that Eve
had eaten of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The choice was
either to obey God and be separated from his wife or disobey God and die
but not be separated from his wife. Adam chose the later.
God as the
Apprehender and Judge of the Sinner
"And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the
cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence
of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden. 9 And the LORD God
called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? 10 And he said, I
heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked;
and I hid myself. 11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked?
Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou
shouldest not eat? 12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be
with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And
the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou
art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon
thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy
life: 15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between
thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise
the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy
conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire
shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy
wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying,
Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow
shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; 18 Thorns also and
thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of
the field; 19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou
return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou
art, and unto dust shalt thou return."
more perfect than God to bring the sinner to the bar of justice.
According to the scriptures:
1. Heb. 4:12 "For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper
than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul
and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the
thoughts and intents of the heart. 13 Neither is there any creature that
is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto
the eyes of him with whom we have to do."
2. Ps. 139:2 "Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou
understandest my thought afar off. 3 Thou compassest my path and my
lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways. 4 For there is not a
word in my tongue, but, lo, O LORD, thou knowest it altogether. 5 Thou
hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me. 6 Such
knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high, I cannot attain unto it.
7 Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy
presence? 8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed
in hell, behold, thou art there. 9 If I take the wings of the morning,
and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; 10 Even there shall thy
hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me."
above passages of scripture teach us of the omniscience of God (He has
all knowledge of all things) and the omnipresence of God. His
omniscience and omnipresence make God the perfect apprehender of the
sinner. There is no such thing as anyone ever getting away with a
single sin before God. All sin and disobedience receives a just
recompense of reward.
called unto Adam and asked him, "where art thou?" it wasn't that God did
not know where Adam was, for God knew perfectly well where Adam was and
what he had done. No, this was bringing Adam before the bar of judgment
in the courtroom of the Almighty and charging him with sin. Adam had no
choice but to confess his sin. His own words condemned him: "I heard
thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I
hid myself." Why was Adam afraid? Why did he know that he was naked?
Why did he hide himself? If Adam had not sinned he had no reason to be
afraid. He had no reason to hide himself. He had no reason to be
ashamed of his nakedness. When standing before the Almighty judge of
all the earth, the sinner will confess his sins.
response to Adam's confession was: "Who told thee that thou wast naked?
Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou
shouldest not eat?" God already knew the answer, but for Adam's sake he
asked the question. Adam would not have known of the shame of sin had
he not eaten of the tree of knowledge of good and evil. With Adam's
reply we see the fallen nature of sinful man as he attempted to shift
the blame for his sin to someone else: "The woman whom thou gavest to be
with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat." In other words, it
was the woman's fault and ultimately it was God's fault because he game
me the woman! Fallen man always attempts to shift the blame for sin to
God accosts the woman: "What is this that thou hast done?" Again, we
know that God knew perfectly well what the woman had done, but he brings
forth a confession from the woman: "The serpent beguiled me, and I did
eat." The blame game continues. The woman says it was the serpents
fault because he beguiled her. While it is true that the serpent
beguiled her, yet she was ultimately responsible for her actions.
Likewise, we are ultimately responsible for our actions.
know that God did not ask the serpent why he beguiled the woman. There
was no excuse for the serpent's action. It was strictly Satan's
rebellion against God.
LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art
cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy
belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:
15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy
seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his
heel." Here as God pronounces judgment upon the serpent, he also makes
a promise of a redeemer for his fallen family. This is the promise of
the woman's seed bruising the head of the serpent, while the woman's
seed would have his heel bruised. Implied in this was the virgin birth
of the Lord Jesus Christ (woman's seed) and the death of Jesus upon the
cross (heel bruised), while destroying the works of the devil (head of
Moreover, God pronounced judgment upon Eve: "Unto the woman he said, I
will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and
he shall rule over thee." This pronouncement had a local fulfillment in
Eve and a long term pronouncement upon women in general. Any woman who
has ever given birth to a child knows that the birth comes with much
sorrow or pain. With every birth, a woman comes perilously close to
death to deliver a child into the world. Many women have died giving
child birth. Further, despite the desires of some women in the women's
liberation movement, the fact is that the wives of the world have had
the husbands of the world to have authority or rule over them.
of the pronouncement seems to be peculiar to Eve. God promised he would
greatly multiply her conception. Notice that he did not say he would
greatly multiply her conception(s), i.e., that she would have more than
one conception. That is not at all unusual for women to have more than
one conception. The promise was that he would greatly multiply her
conception, singular. In other words, with each conception she would
bring forth multiple children. Most women do not have multiple children
with each conception. However, Eve is the mother of all living and with
each delivery she had more than one child. This would explain,
biblically, where the wives for Cain and Seth came from. They were
their sisters perhaps their twin sisters.
God pronounced judgment upon Adam: "And unto Adam he said, Because thou
hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree,
of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is
the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of
thy life; 18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and
thou shalt eat the herb of the field; 19 In the sweat of thy face shalt
thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast
thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return." The
ground was cursed for Adam's sake. Adam and all mankind were sentenced
to hard work to produce the fruits of their survival. Further, man was
consigned to return to the dust of the earth. Now we know that this is
not all of God's judgment as we have more unveiled to us as we continue
the study of the scriptures. However, we can see that the nature of man
changed in the fall and that he became dead in trespasses and sins and
he was judged by God to return unto the ground at corporeal death.
evidences of the fallen state of man
"And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were
naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. 8
And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the
cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence
of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden."
the serpents lie is manifest. While some of what the serpent said was
true, the eyes of Adam and Eve were opened and they knew evil, yet the
rest of what he said was immediately manifest to be a lie. They did not
become as God and they did not know good. They knew only evil.
their state or condition of life became immediately dead in trespasses
and sins. The evidences of their fallen state are manifest in the above
1. They noticed immediately that they were
naked and were ashamed. Before they fell in sin, they were naked, but
they were not ashamed because in their innocent state nakedness brought
no shame to them.
2. Their fallen state is manifest by the fact
that they thought they could do something about the shame of their sin:
"They sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons" to hide the
shame of their sin. Thus, they tried to fool themselves and God into
believing they could take care of their sin problem.
3. Their fallen state was further manifest in
that they thought they could hide from God: "and Adam and his wife hid
themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the
garden." This teaches us that they thought that God would not be able
to see them among the tress of the garden and that they could escape the
judgment of God through hiding themselves. Their wicked minds were
completely clouded by sin.