Genesis Chapter 44 Differences between
Joseph and Christ
In previous chapters we have outlined many parallels between
the life and events of Joseph and Christ. In this chapter, as with all
types of Christ, we notice that types of Christ are not perfect and we
look at some of the imperfections of Joseph:
1. Joseph set a trap to bring a false
accusation against Benjamin, because he wanted Benjamin to be with him
in Egypt. Now this was contrary to the will and purpose of God as God
would have all the descendants of Jacob to come to Egypt where his
descendants would stay for 400 years. Sometimes men try to thwart the
will of God only to find that God in his providence has overruled their
efforts. In this instance God overruled through his foreknowledge and
providence. God had previously put in the heart of Judah to make a
covenant of surety-ship with Jacob which served to spoil the design of
Joseph. Through the foreknowledge of God, he knew what Joseph would
design to do and through his providence God put in the heart of Judah to
be surety for Benjamin.
2. Joseph used a silver cup to “divine.” The
Hebrew meaning of the word translated divine or divineth in this chapter
is otherwise translated throughout the Old Testament as “enchantments.”
The scripture plainly tells us that we are not to use enchantments: Deu.
18:10 “There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or
his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an
observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch…” Later, the magicians
of Egypt would use “enchantments” in an effort to emulate the miracles
that God performed at the hands of Moses.
3. Joseph falsely accused his brethren of
“rewarding evil for good.” While in some matters that were true, but in
this which Joseph accused them at that time, it was not true.
Christ is perfect in every detail. Joseph as a type of
Christ was not perfect as he has the flesh nature inherited from Adam
and we have all sinned and come short of the glory of God.
Genesis Chapter 44
Judah pleads surety-ship to Joseph
Joseph had accused Benjamin of stealing his silver cup and
pronounced that he would be Joseph’s servant. Moreover, even though all
the brothers said they would be his servant, Joseph denied their pleas
and told them to go home. At this point, Judah approached Joseph and
carefully told him of the covenant agreement of surety-ship that Judah
had with Jacob, whereby Judah agreed to be surety for Benjamin. Judah
also told how that if Benjamin did not return to his father, Jacob, that
Jacob would die of sorrow for his son, Benjamin. This convinced Joseph
that he would have to reveal himself to his brethren and to drop his
scheme to keep Benjamin as a servant and sent his other brothers back to
their families in Canaan. It was the providence of God in putting it in
the heart of Judah to be surety for Benjamin that ultimately convinced
Joseph to follow through on God’s revelation to Abraham that the seed of
Abraham would go down into Egypt and dwell there for 400 years.