9:4-6 "But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof,
shall ye not eat. And surely your blood of your lives will I require;
at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at
the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. Whoso
sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image
of God made he man."
man not to eat the flesh with the blood. Blood was not to be a part of
the diet of man. The reason is that the blood is the life of the
flesh. This principle is taught elsewhere in the scriptures as well:
1. Lev. 17:11 "For the life of the flesh is in
the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an
atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement
for the soul."
2. Lev. 17:14 "For it is the life of all flesh;
the blood of it is for the life thereof: therefore I said unto the
children of Israel, Ye shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh: for
the life of all flesh is the blood thereof: whosoever eateth it shall be
3. Deu. 12:23 "Only be sure that thou eat not
the blood: for the blood is the life; and thou mayest not eat the life
with the flesh."
man was free to eat the flesh of animals, but he could not eat the life
principle of the animal along with the flesh of the animal.
our text we see that God promised that if man ate the life of the flesh
with the flesh that he would require the blood of the life of the one
who ate the life of the flesh with the flesh. This would be required at
the hand of the beast, or the hand of man, or the hand of every man's
Moreover, God introduced the eye for eye principle in the above text.
If a man shed man's blood, by the hand's of man was his blood to be shed
because man was in the image of God.
Earth Overspread by the three sons of Noah
All that are alive
on the earth today are descendants of Noah. Noah is the common link to
all nations and tribes of people. Further, Noah's three sons went forth
from the ark and their descendants initially settled in different parts
of the earth. Initially after the flood there were three races of
people that came from the three sons of Noah.
9:18, 19 "And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem,
and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan. These are the
three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread." It is
generally recognized that the dark-skinned people descended from Ham.
The name Ham means "hot, warm, burnt-black." Further, it is generally
recognized that the Anglo-Saxon people descended from Japheth. Japheth
is said to be the father of the Gentiles. Likewise, it is recognized
that the Oriental people were generally descendants of Shem. Of course,
as time has gone by there has been much intermingling of the races and
tribes and nations have arisen that are mixtures of the three original
God Makes a Covenant with all Creatures
Gen. 9:11-17 "And
I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut
off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a
flood to destroy the earth. And God said, This is the token of the
covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that
is with you, for perpetual generations: I do set my bow in the cloud,
and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth. And
it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow
shall be seen in the cloud: And I will remember my covenant, which is
between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the
waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. And the bow
shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the
everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh
that is upon the earth. And God said unto Noah, This is the token of
the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is
upon the earth."
a covenant with every living creature that he would never again send a
flood to destroy all flesh. We notice the nature of this covenant that
it is a one-sided unconditional covenant. By one-sided we mean that all
the action is performed by one party to the covenant. By unconditional
we mean that the action performed is not dependant or conditioned upon
any action by the other party to the covenant. The actions of man or
other living creature do not affect or alter the fulfillment of this
covenant. All the actions of this covenant are performed by God. God
simply promised that he would never again send a flood to destroy all
flesh. The actions are all performed by God and the benefits of this
covenant are every living creature.
We see a
similar covenant stated in Romans chapter 8:29, 30 "For whom he did
foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his
Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom
he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he
also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified." As in
the covenant above, all the actions are performed by God. God foreknew,
predestinated, called, justified, and glorified. The actions of God are
not conditioned upon any actions of those that God foreknew. God's
actions are totally independent upon the actions of those he foreknew.
Therefore, this covenant is a one-sided unconditional covenant.
covenant stated in the beginning of this article, God gave a token of
this covenant. A token is not the covenant but is a sign or
representation of the covenant. The bow in the cloud after the rain is
a sign or representation of the covenant that God made with every living
creature. This is not the only place where God gave a token as a sign
or representation of a covenant that he made. When we get to Genesis
chapter 17 we see God making a covenant with Abraham and with his seed
after him to give them the land of Canaan and he gave them the token of
circumcision as a sign of the covenant that he had made with him.
found that after storms, which sometimes are very violent and scary,
that when I see the rainbow in the cloud that it is very reassuring and
peaceful. I suspect this is the same with many of God's creatures as
they look upon the token of the covenant that God made with every living
creature. Yet the main thought in the above passage is not that we look
upon the covenant and find rest and peace, but the main thought is that
God looks upon the bow in the cloud and remembers His covenant that he
made with every living creature: "And the bow shall be in the cloud; and
I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant
between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the
earth." The knowledge, that when a storm comes upon the earth and
afterwards the bow is seen in the cloud, that God looks upon the bow
and remembers his covenant is what is most reassuring to the creature.