Scriptures are a testimony of Jesus
said in John 5:39, "Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have
eternal life: and they are they which testify of me." At the time that
the Lord said this to the Jews gathered around him, the only scriptures
that had been written were the Old Testament scriptures. It is very
easy to see that the New Testament scriptures are a testimony of Jesus
Christ for they speak of him and his kingdom throughout. The Old
Testament, however, is a different matter. The name of Jesus Christ is
not in the Old Testament. How then can the Old Testament scriptures be
a testimony of Jesus Christ?
are over a thousand prophecies concerning the coming of the Messiah and
of his works. But the Old Testament scriptures have a much greater
testimony of Jesus than just the prophecies of the coming of Christ.
Word pictures of Jesus are found in several Old Testament passages and
Jesus is portrayed in the types and shadows of the Old Testament.
examples of word pictures of Jesus are found in the following passages:
22:10 "I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my God from my
mother's belly. 11 Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is
none to help. 12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan
have beset me round. 13 They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a
ravening and a roaring lion. 14 I am poured out like water, and all my
bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst
of my bowels. 15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue
cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death. 16
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me:
they pierced my hands and my feet. 17 I may tell all my bones: they look
and stare upon me. 18 They part my garments among them, and cast lots
upon my vesture. 19 But be not thou far from me, O LORD: O my strength,
haste thee to help me. 20 Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling
from the power of the dog. 21 Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou
hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns. 22 I will declare thy name
unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee."
above passage describes the crucifixion of Jesus and the parting of his
garments by the Roman soldiers and the fact that they cast lots for his
coat. It also describes how that a bone of his body was not broken.
The passage is about the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus.
Actually many of the Psalms give us a word picture of Jesus Christ.
53:1 "Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD
revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a
root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we
shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He is
despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with
grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we
esteemed him not. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our
sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our
iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his
stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have
turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the
iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he
opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a
sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. 8 He was
taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his
generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the
transgression of my people was he stricken. 9 And he made his grave with
the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no
violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it pleased the
LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his
soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his
days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. 11 He
shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his
knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear
their iniquities. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the
great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath
poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the
transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for
Phillip was led of the Spirit to go in the way toward the desert and was
told of the Spirit to join himself to the chariot of the Eunuch of
Ethiopia and the Eunuch was reading from the 53rd chapter of
Isaiah, Phillip asked him, "Understandest thou what thou readest?" And
the Eunuch answered, "How can I except some man guide me?" When Phillip
understood where the Eunuch was reading, he went to the same passage and
preached unto him Jesus. The 53rd chapter of Isaiah is all
Sam. 23:1 "Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse
said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of
Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, 2 The spirit of the LORD
spake by me, and his word was in my tongue. 3 The God of Israel said,
the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just,
ruling in the fear of God. 4 And he shall be as the light of the
morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the
tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain. 5
Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an
everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all
my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow. 6 But
the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because
they cannot be taken with hands: 7 But the man that shall touch them
must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be
utterly burned with fire in the same place."
conversation between the Rock of Israel and the God of Israel outlined
the covenant work of Jesus Christ.
and shadows in the Old Testament, Jesus is found on nearly every page.
In the first chapter of Genesis, Jesus is the Creator of the heavens and
the earth. In the second chapter of Genesis, Jesus is the lawgiver. In
the third chapter of Genesis, Jesus is the judge executing the judgment
of God because of sin. In the fourth chapter of Genesis Jesus, in type,
is the lamb offered by Abel as an offering to God. In the fifth chapter
of Genesis, Enoch typifies Jesus in that he walked with God and was
taken up into heaven. In the sixth chapter of Genesis, the ark is a
type of Jesus, as it shows forth the death, burial, and resurrection in
a figure as set forth in the 3rd chapter of 1 Peter.
Additionally, Jesus is the seed of Abraham to which God promised he
would multiply Abraham's seed as the stars of heaven, as the sand of the
sea shore, and as the dust of the earth, and that his seed would possess
the gates of his enemies, and in his seed would all kindreds and all
nations of the earth be blessed. When Abraham was told to offer Isaac
as an offering, Jesus is typified by the ram with his horns caught in a
thicket who was offered in the place of Isaac. So Jesus was offered in
our place. Jesus is also Melchisedec, the King of Salem and priest of
the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the
kings. Jesus is typified by Joseph's coat of many colors. Joseph was
also a type of Jesus in that there are over 100 parallels between the
life of Joseph and the life of Jesus.
Furthermore, the bush that burned with fire but was not consumed that
Moses saw typifies Jesus. Jesus suffered the fiery judgment of God for
us yet was not consumed by that judgment as he arose on the third day.
the man who wrestled with Jacob all night and touched him in the hollow
of the thigh that shrank
Passover lamb typifies Jesus.
the animal sacrifices in the ceremonial law of the Old Testament typify
the shadow of a giant rock in a weary land.
the bright and morning star.
the Sun of Righteousness that Malachi spoke of.
the cloud that went before the children of Israel to show them the way
and the pillar of fire at night to give them light throughout all of
their wilderness journeying.
temple of God in the Old Testament typified Jesus.
seven sacrifices of Leviticus typified Jesus:
offering Jesus was sacrificed for us to take away our sins.
Burnt offering Jesus suffered the wrath of God in our stead to satisfy
Peace offering Jesus through his atoning sacrifice made peace between
God and his elect.
offering Jesus through his death, burial, and resurrection made us
victorious over sin, the devil, death, hell, and the grave.
Heave offering Jesus rose victorious the 3rd day and later
ascended back to heaven.
offering Jesus body was without sin and this was typified by the
Drink offering Jesus blood was ceremonially typified both in the Old
Testament and in the New Testament by the wine used in the drink
jubilee of the children of Israel typified Jesus.
the balm of Gilead.
the rivers of water in a dry and thirsty land that the prophet Isaiah
the ravenous bird from the east that Isaiah wrote about as Jesus lived
by every word that proceeded from the mouth of God.
also the man who executes the counsel of God from a far country that
Isaiah wrote about.
the tree that Moses cast into the bitter waters of Marah that made them
the man with the sword drawn that appeared unto Joshua, who asked, "Art
thou for us or for our enemies?" The man replied, "Nay, but as captain
of the Lord's host am I now come. Jesus is that captain of the Lord's
the prophet like unto Moses.
the Son of God who was in the furnace with the three Hebrew children on
whom the smell of smoke was not found on their garments or the hair of
their heads singed.
the ladder of Jacob's vision on which the angels of God ascended and
the half shekel of atonement of the children of Israel.
the beloved in the Song of Solomon.
the brazen serpent that was hung on a pole.
the Rock that followed the children of Israel to which Moses first smote
and it brought forth water.
the veil of the tabernacle and temple.
the stone which the builder's rejected.
Priest typified Jesus.
garments of the High Priest typified Jesus.
the tree of life in the midst of the Garden of Eden.
stop here, but this is just a very small sampling of the types and
shadows and pictures of Jesus Christ set forth in the Old Testament.
looking for Jesus in each passage of the Old Testament, it makes reading
and studying the Old Testament much more interesting and enjoyable. Too
often people read the Old Testament without looking for Jesus in its
pages. When we do this, the reading becomes boring and tiresome. There
is, however, nothing boring about seeing Jesus in the types, shadows,
and figures of the Old Testament.
4:21 "Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the
law? 22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a
bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. 23 But he who was of the bondwoman
was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise. 24
Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one
from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. 25 For
this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now
is, and is in bondage with her children. 26 But Jerusalem which is above
is free, which is the mother of us all. 27 For it is written, Rejoice,
thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest
not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an
the above passage there are two covenants of worship that are taught in
the scriptures. Now there are other covenants taught in the scriptures,
but only two covenants of worship. The first covenant was given on Mt.
Sinai to the children of Israel and was a covenant that gendered to
bondage. At the time this scripture was written it answered to
"Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children." This
covenant is often called the "law." The second or new covenant is said
to be free and to be the mother of us all. This covenant is often
called the covenant of grace, or faith, or the kingdom of God.
covenant brought a curse upon those under the covenant. Gal. 3:10 "For
as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is
written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are
written in the book of the law to do them. 11 But that no man is
justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, the just
shall live by faith." Since no one other than Jesus Christ has
continued in all things which are written in the book of the law to do
them, then everyone but Jesus Christ was under the curse of the law.
following passages of scripture show us the purpose of the law covenant:
Tim. 1:9 "Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man,
but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners,
for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of
mothers, for manslayers, 10 For whoremongers, for them that defile
themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured
persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound
3:19 "Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of
transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made;
and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. 20 Now a
mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. 21 Is the law then
against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law
given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been
by the law. 22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the
promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. 23
But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the
faith which should afterwards be revealed. 24 Wherefore the law was our
schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by
faith. 25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a
schoolmaster. 26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ
10:1 "For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the
very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they
offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. 2
For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the
worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. 3
But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every
year. 4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats
should take away sins."
above we see that the law was designed for the lawbreaker. It brought
sins to remembrance, but it could not do away with sin. It also showed
us the need for a redeemer. The law was simply a shadow of good things
to come, but could make nothing perfect. The law was our schoolmaster
to bring us unto Christ. The work of a schoolmaster is to bring the
students to the school. The law taught us of the exceeding sinfulness
of sin, and that we are sinners, and that we stood in need of a
redeemer. The law as a schoolmaster pointed us to Christ. The law
revealed to us that we were under the curse of the law of sin and death
and unable to deliver ourselves out from under that curse.
came to fulfill the law. Matt. 5:17 "Think not that I am come to
destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to
fulfil. 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one
jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be
fulfilled." The Lord kept the law to the jot and tittle and thus
fulfilled the law. Christ completed the law and brought in everlasting
righteousness for his people. Rom. 10:4, "For Christ is the end of the
law for righteousness for every one that believeth." Christ completed
the law for righteousness and according to 2 Cor. 5:21, "For he hath
made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the
righteousness of God in him." Through fulfilling the law and becoming
sin for us he made us righteous. Also, Gal. 3:13 "Christ hath redeemed
us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is
written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree."
the law has been fulfilled it still has benefit for us today in that it
testifies to us of Jesus: John 5:39 "Search the scriptures; for in them
ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me."
Also, the law gives us types and shadows of heavenly things: Heb. 10:1
"For the law having a shadow of good things to come
" and Col. 2:16 "Let
no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an
holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: which are a shadow
of things to come; but the body is of Christ." In addition, the law
gives us admonitions and examples for our edification and learning: 1
Cor. 10:6, "Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should
not lust after evil things, as they also lusted." Notice 1 Cor. 10:11,
"Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are
written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come."
Finally, the language of the New Testament is sprinkled with the events
of the Old Testament. To understand the New Testament we need a real
good working knowledge of the Old Testament. We, however, do not
worship under the Old Covenant today.
Covenant came with the teaching and preaching of John the Baptist: Lk.
16:16 The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the
kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it. The Lord
himself ushered in this New Testament: John 1:17 For the law was given
by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ."
Covenant is stated in Heb. 8: 6 But now hath he obtained a more
excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better
covenant, which was established upon better promises. 7 For if that
first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought
for the second. 8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the
days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the
house of Israel and with the house of Judah: 9 Not according to the
covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by
the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued
not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. 10 For this
is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those
days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them
in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a
people: 11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every
man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the
least to the greatest. 12 For I will be merciful to their
unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no
Covenant is based on the principle of the new or spiritual birth where
God writes his laws in the hearts and minds of his people, and not on 2
tables of stone. Furthermore, in the New Covenant there is no need to
teach the people to know the Lord, for they all know him as a result of
the new birth and the Lord's personal dealings with him. Now there is a
lot that can be taught about the Lord and should be taught
about the Lord, but we do not teach to know the Lord. Third, in
this New Covenant of worship God is merciful to our unrighteousness.
Under the law, the transgressors died without mercy. Fourth, the law
continuously brought sins and iniquities to remembrance, but in the New
Covenant God remembers our sins and iniquities against us no more. In
New Testament worship, God is to us a God and we are to him a people.
studies ahead, we will be spending much time looking at the New Covenant
worship and service of God's people as set forth in the New Testament.