10:1 "And I saw
another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow
was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars
Based on the description in this verse and the signs we have
previously studied we conclude that the mighty angel is Christ and that he was
clothed with a cloud, i.e., his glory (See chapter 1). He had a rainbow (See
chapter 4) upon his head, which points us to his coming to accomplish the
provisions of the covenant of redemption (rainbow covenant). The reference to
his head suggests that he came to fulfill his eternal purpose which he purposed
before the world began. His face was as it were the sun. He is the Sun of
Righteousness and he came in righteousness to fulfill all righteousness under
the law. His feet were pillars of fire, which indicates that he suffered the
wrath of God (pillars of fire) because of the sins of his elect. The reference
to his feet suggests a connection to the fact that he tread the winepress of the
wrath of God alone. The reference to pillars suggests that what Jesus did is
the foundation and support for our eternal deliverance from sin.
The two previous chapters
gave us a picture of the effect of sin both timely and eternal and its required
judgment. This chapter starts out with the picture of Christ coming down from
heaven under the covenant of redemption to redeem his people from their sins.
This verse outlines his righteousness and subsequently his sacrificial atonement
on behalf of the elect.
10:2 "And he had in
his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his
left foot on the earth."
The words "little book" come from the Greek word "bibliaridion"
which means little book or pamphlet. It is not to be confused with the seven
sealed book that began to be opened in chapter 5. Later in this chapter the
prophet was told to eat the book and it would be in his mouth sweet as honey,
but in his belly it would be bitter. There is a passage similar to this in the
book of Ezekiel: Ezek. 2:9 "And when I looked, behold, an hand was sent unto
me; and, lo, a roll of a book was therein; 10 And he spread it before me;
and it was written within and without: and there was written therein
lamentations, and mourning, and woe. 3:1 Moreover he said unto me, Son of
man, eat that thou findest; eat this roll, and go speak unto the house of
2 So I opened my mouth, and he caused me to eat that roll. 3 And he
said unto me, Son of man, cause thy belly to eat, and fill thy bowels with this
roll that I give thee. Then did I eat it; and it was in my mouth as honey for
Written in the roll in
Ezekiel were lamentations, and mournings, and woe. While this was sweet to the
taste of the prophet, yet when he internalized it, it was bitter. Similarly the
little book in Rev. chapter 10 was sweet to the mouth of John but was bitter in
his belly. We will have more to say about this book later on in this chapter.
The little book was open.
The Lord must give us understanding for us to understand the scriptures. Just
as with the door, the Lord can shut and no man can open, and the Lord can open
and no man can shut, so with the book the Lord can close the understanding or
open the understanding to our minds and heart. We are dependant upon the Lord
for our understanding.
"He set his right foot
upon the sea and his left foot upon the earth."
In Joshua we read, Josh. 10:24 "And it came to pass, when they brought out
those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said
unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your
feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon
the necks of them." Putting the feet upon the necks of the kings symbolized
victory over the enemy. The Lord has gotten victory over all the opposition.
He has gotten the victory over sin, and death, and hell, and the devil, and the
grave. Sometimes the sea symbolizes the nations and the earth symbolized
Israel. The Lord has gotten the victory over all the enemies of his elect
people both Jews (earth) and Gentiles (sea).
Rev 10:3, 4 "And cried with
a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders
uttered their voices. 4 And when the seven thunders had uttered their
voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me,
Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not."
Sometimes a lion is a symbol
of a king. Of course the lion in this verse is a symbol of Christ the King of
kings and Lord of lords. The roaring of a lion is both majestic and
terrifying. The Lord cried with a loud voice. Several times in the scriptures
the Lord cried with a loud voice, including when he raised Lazarus from the
dead, when he cried out on the cross, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken
me," and when he cried out "Into thy hands I commend my spirit" and of course he
is coming with a shout in the resurrection of the just and the unjust. All of
these things have been revealed unto us and are opened in the scriptures. God
has not revealed every thing unto us:
1. Deu. 29:29 "The
secret things belong unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed
belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of
2. Dan. 12:4 "But
thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the
end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased."
3. Dan. 12:9
"And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till
the time of the end."
Paul reported in 2 Cor.
chapter 12:1 "It is not expedient for me doubtless to glory. I will come to
visions and revelations of the Lord. 2 I knew a man in Christ above fourteen
years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I
cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven. 3
And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell:
God knoweth;) 4 How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard
unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter."
Thunder is a report of an
electrical discharge. It is one of the evidences of that discharge. It comes
after the lightning because the speed of sound is slower than the speed of
light. The electrical discharge produces both the light and the sound. There
are things in the power of God that are yet to be made manifest, yet we know
very little about. For instance, we know very little about the glory world. We
know very little about the end of this time world in which we live. We truly
know very little about the great wisdom and power of God. Eternity is a concept
that we have a hard time grasping. The omniscience of God is extremely hard to
comprehend. Yet all these things will be manifest when it pleases God. Yet the
details are largely hidden from us at this time. No doubt part of the reason
these and other things haven't been revealed to us is that we aren't capable of
understanding them because of the depravity of our human mind. In the morning
of the resurrection we will be freed from the corruption of sin and be fashioned
like the glorious body of Christ. Then we will be capable of understanding
things that are now kept secret from us.