Part II- The Holy City
The holy city in the old
testament is identified as the city of Jerusalem in the following verses of
Neh. 11:1 And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the
people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city,
and nine parts to dwell in other cities.
Is. 52:1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O
Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem,
the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the
uncircumcised and the unclean.
Dan. 9: 24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy
city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make
reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to
seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
The holy city in the new
testament is identified as the Lord’s church or new Jerusalem in the following
Rev. 21: 2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God
out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Rev. 3: 12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God,
and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and
the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of
heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.
Rev. 22: 10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high
mountain, and showed me that great city, the holy
Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God.
Part III-Gentiles to tread under
To tread under foot means to
possess or have the victory as the following verses show:
Ex. 24: 10 And they saw the God of
Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a
paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his
Deu. 1: 36 Save Caleb the son of
Jephunneh; he shall see it, and to him will I give the land that he hath trodden
upon, and to his children, because he hath wholly followed the LORD.
Deu. 11: 24 Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be
yours: from the wilderness and
Lebanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, even unto the uttermost sea shall
your coast be.
Jos. 1: 3 Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, that have
I given unto you, as I said unto Moses.
Jos. 14: 9 And Moses sware on that day, saying, Surely the land whereon thy
feet have trodden shall be thine inheritance, and thy children's for ever,
because thou hast wholly followed the LORD my God.
Based on the above verses we can conclude that the Gentiles have been given to
possess the holy city or new Jerusalem (the church) for "forty two months."
Part IV-Forty and Two Months
There are four different
ways that the scriptures express the period of time three and a half years.
These are found in the following verses:
Rev. 11: 3 And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall
prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.
Rev. 12: 6 And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place
prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and
Rev. 12:14 And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she
might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a
time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.
Dan. 7: 25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall
wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and
they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of
Dan. 9: 27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in
the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,
and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until
the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Dan. 12: 7 And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of
the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and
sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an
half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy
people, all these things shall be finished.
Lk. 4: 25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days
of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great
famine was throughout all the land;
Jam. 5: 25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days
of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great
famine was throughout all the land;
Three and one half plus
three and one half equals seven. Seven represents completion in the
scriptures. There are two testaments and only two testaments. Taking both the
old testament and the new testament together gives us the complete word of God.
By studying the two witnesses in Rev. 11:3 we come to the conclusion that they
represent the law and the prophets. Thus they are the old testament. By
studying the woman in Rev. 12:6 we are drawn to the conclusion that she
represents the new testament. By studying the times in which three and a half
years is used in the scriptures we are drawn to the conclusion that regardless
of the form in which it is presented it represents either the new testament age
or the old testament age. It is during the new testament age that the Gentiles
have been given to tread under foot (possess) the holy city (church) and to walk
the court thereof.
Rev 11:3-6 “And I will
give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred
and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth. 4 These are the two olive
trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth. 5
And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth
their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.
6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their
prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the
earth with all plagues, as often as they will."
The use of the term "two
witnesses" is found seven other times in the scriptures as follows:
1. Deu. 17: 6
At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of
death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to
2. Deu. 19: 15
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in
any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three
witnesses, shall the matter be established.
3. Matt. 18:
16 But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in
the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.
4. Matt. 26:
60 But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none.
At the last came two false witnesses.
5. 2 Cor. 13:1
This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or three
witnesses shall every word be established.
6. 1 Tim. 5: 19
Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three
7. Heb. 10: 28
He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:
In each of these verses, two
witnesses were needed in the execution of justice. One witness was not
sufficient to establish the guilt of anyone in judgment. This was true both in
the old testament and in the new testament.
The number two is otherwise
associated with the scripture subject of witness. For instance, frequently, two
individuals are placed in juxtaposition to one another to teach us spiritual
lessons. In Romans chapter 5 Adam and Christ are compared and contrasted
illustrating the doctrine of "federal headship." Likewise, true vs. false
worship are compared in the lives of Cain and Abel. Fleshly birth vs. new birth
are compared in the births of Ishmael and Isaac. God's election by grace is
illustrated by the fraternal twins Esau and Jacob. Also as the prophet Elijah
was the forerunner of the prophet Elisha, so John was the forerunner of Christ.
Similarly, God instituted the law of marriage in the garden of Eden, that the
husband and wife might mirror the relationship of Christ to his bride, the
church. Furthermore, Christ sent out his 12 apostles and the seventy other
ministers in pairs to be witnesses of his gospel kingdom.
The two olive trees are
described for us in Zec. 4: 2 “And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said,
I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of
it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which
are upon the top thereof: 3 And two olive trees by it, one upon the right
side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof." We are told
what these two olive trees represent in Zec. 4: 6 "Then he answered and
spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not
by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts." Thus
the two olive trees are "the word of the Lord." This is further verified in Zec.
4: 11 Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two olive trees upon
the right side of the candlestick and upon the left side thereof? 12 And
I answered again, and said unto him, What be these two olive branches which
through the two golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves? 13
And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my
lord. 14 Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by
the Lord of the whole earth."
Thus the "two olive trees"
are the "two anointed ones that stand by the Lord of the whole earth" which are
also called the "word of the Lord." At the time this was written the "word of
the Lord" consisted of the "law and the prophets."
The term "two candlesticks"
is not found elsewhere in the scriptures. However, the context of Rev. chapter
11 and the term "candlestick" gives us a clear picture as to who or what the
"two candlesticks" has reference to. Previously in the 1st chapter of Rev. the
Lord told us of seven golden candlesticks, which he said, are the seven
churches. Candlesticks give off light. As the Lord told the disciples, "Ye are
the light of the world," so the church gives off spiritual light to God's
people. In Psalms 119: 105 NUN. "Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a
light unto my path." Thus the word of the Lord is a lamp or candlestick.
Part II – Identification of the Two Witnesses
We read concerning Elijah
the prophet in 2 Kings 1: 10 "And Elijah answered and said to the captain of
fifty, If I be a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven, and consume
thee and thy fifty. And there came down fire from heaven, and consumed him and
his fifty. 11 Again also he sent unto him another captain of fifty with
his fifty. And he answered and said unto him, O man of God, thus hath the king
said, Come down quickly. 12 And Elijah answered and said unto them, If I
be a man of God, let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty.
And the fire of God came down from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty."
Also, we read of Elijah in James 5: 17 "Elias was a man subject to like
passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it
rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months. 18
And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her
fruit." Elijah truly was a great prophet and the things written above
connect him to Rev. 11, v.5 and the first half of v.6.
We read concerning Moses in
Ex. 7: 19 “And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and
stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their
rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may
become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both
in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone. 20 And Moses and Aaron did
so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that
were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants;
and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood. 21 And
the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians
could not drink of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all
the land of Egypt."
We read in Ex. Chapters 7 thru 12 also concerning Moses where God used Moses to
smite the land of Egypt with all manner of
plagues. Therefore, Moses fits the description given in the last half of Rev.
In the scriptures, Moses is
the representative of the law and Elijah is the representative of the prophets.
They were witnesses of the Lord as illustrated in Lk. 9: 28 And it came to
pass about an eight days after these sayings, he took Peter and John and James,
and went up into a mountain to pray. 29 And as he prayed, the fashion of
his countenance was altered, and his raiment was white and glistering.
30 And, behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias:
31 Who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he should
accomplish at Jerusalem.
Thus we can conclude that the "two witnesses" and the "two candlesticks" are the
"law and the prophets," i.e., the old testament. The law and the prophets were
no doubt witnesses throughout the old testament age, but are they a witness unto
us today? This we will attempt to answer next.
The New Jerusalem