Rev 18:1 "And after these things I
saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was
lightened with his glory."
The identity of this angel that came
down from heaven is manifest by the things said of the angel. The angel had
great power. The angel also lightened the earth with his glory. In Rev. 22:8 "And
I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell
down to worship before the feet of the angel which showed me these things. 9
Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of
thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book:
worship God." The angel that revealed the things to John forbade John from
worshipping him. Glory belongs to God and to God alone. Thus, the angel in
Rev. 18:1 is Jesus Christ. He came down from heaven:
1. John 3:13 "And no man hath
ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man
which is in heaven."
2. John 6:38 "For I came down from
heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me. 39 And
this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me
I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. 40
And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son,
and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the
3. John 6:51 "I am the living
bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live
for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the
life of the world."
He had great power:
1. Matt. 28:18 "And Jesus came and
spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth."
2. Mark 13:26 "And then shall they
see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory."
3. Luke 9:43 "And they were all
amazed at the mighty power of God. But while they wondered every one at all
things which Jesus did, he said unto his disciples."
"And the earth was lightened with
his glory." The Greek word photizo means to illuminate. We understand the
nature of this illumination through the following verses:
1. Eph. 1:18 "The eyes of your
understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his
calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints."
2. Heb. 6:4 "For it is impossible
for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and
were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, 5 And have tasted the good word of
God, and the powers of the world to come, 6 If they shall fall away, to
renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of
God afresh, and put him to an open shame."
3. 2 Tim. 1:10 "But is now made
manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death,
and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:"
From the above we conclude that the
ones being enlightened (the earth) are the spiritually born children of God and
that they are enlightened (brought to knowledge) by the gospel of Jesus Christ.
Also, this gospel of Jesus Christ gives Christ the glory.
18:2 "And he cried mightily
with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is
become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage
of every unclean and hateful bird."
Much of the above is captured in the
rebuking of the Jews by Jesus in the following passage of scripture:
Matt. 23:13 "But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the
kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer
ye them that are entering to go in. 14 Woe unto you, scribes and
Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make
long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation. 15 Woe
unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea and land to make
one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child of hell
than yourselves. 16 Woe unto you, ye blind guides, which say, Whosoever
shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold
of the temple, he is a debtor! 17 Ye fools and blind: for whether is
greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifieth the gold? 18 And,
Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the
gift that is upon it, he is guilty. 19 Ye fools and blind: for whether is
greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift? 20 Whoso
therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.
21 And whoso shall swear by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that
dwelleth therein. 22 And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the
throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon. 23 Woe unto you, scribes
and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and
have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these
ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. 24 Ye blind
guides, which strain at a gnat, and swallow a camel. 25 Woe unto you,
scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the outside of the cup and
of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess.
26 Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that
which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also.
27 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like unto
whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of
dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness. 28 Even so ye also outwardly
appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.
29 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the
tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, 30 And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been
partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. 31 Wherefore ye be
witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the
prophets. 32 Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. 33 Ye serpents,
ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? 34 Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some
of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your
synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: 35 That upon you may
come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous
Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the
temple and the altar. 36 Verily I say unto you, All these things shall
come upon this generation. 37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest
the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have
gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her
wings, and ye would not! 38 Behold, your house is left unto you
As we have previously shown and will
continue to show, "Babylon the Great" is Jerusalem with her perverted legalistic
system of worship.
the great is fallen, is fallen." In order to fall an object must have been
at a higher position than to which it fell. At one time the nation of Israel
had been given the covenant of the law that God had made with her and commanded
her to keep. So long as she kept the law great blessings were promised her.
However if she should cease from or pollute the law then curses were pronounced
upon her (See Deut. Chapters 27 and 28). Ezekiel Chapter 16 illustrates first
from where God had placed Israel:
Ez. 16:6 "And when I passed by thee, and
saw thee polluted in thine own blood, I said unto thee when thou wast in thy
blood, Live; yea, I said unto thee when thou wast in thy blood, Live. 7 I
have caused thee to multiply as the bud of the field, and thou hast increased
and waxen great, and thou art come to excellent ornaments: thy breasts are
fashioned, and thine hair is grown, whereas thou wast naked and bare. 8
Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time was the time
of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I
sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and
thou becamest mine. 9 Then washed I thee with water; yea, I thoroughly
washed away thy blood from thee, and I anointed thee with oil. 10 I
clothed thee also with broidered work, and shod thee with badgers' skin, and I
girded thee about with fine linen, and I covered thee with silk. 11 I
decked thee also with ornaments, and I put bracelets upon thy hands, and a chain
on thy neck. 12 And I put a jewel on thy forehead, and earrings in thine
ears, and a beautiful crown upon thine head. 13 Thus wast thou decked
with gold and silver; and thy raiment was of fine linen, and silk, and broidered
work; thou didst eat fine flour, and honey, and oil: and thou wast exceeding
beautiful, and thou didst prosper into a kingdom. 14 And thy renown went
forth among the heathen for thy beauty: for it was perfect through my
comeliness, which I had put upon thee, saith the Lord GOD."\
Next, Ezekiel Chapter 16 illustrates
to whence Israel fell:
Ez. 16:15 "But thou didst trust in thine own
beauty, and playedst the harlot because of thy renown, and pouredst out thy
fornications on every one that passed by; his it was. 16 And of thy
garments thou didst take, and deckedst thy high places with divers colours, and
playedst the harlot thereupon: the like things shall not come, neither shall it
be so. 17 Thou hast also taken thy fair jewels of my gold and of my
silver, which I had given thee, and madest to thyself images of men, and didst
commit whoredom with them, 18 And tookest thy broidered garments, and
coveredst them: and thou hast set mine oil and mine incense before them. 19
My meat also which I gave thee, fine flour, and oil, and honey, wherewith I
fed thee, thou hast even set it before them for a sweet savour: and thus it was,
saith the Lord GOD.
Moreover thou hast taken thy
sons and thy daughters, whom thou hast borne unto me, and these hast thou
sacrificed unto them to be devoured. Is this of thy whoredoms a small matter,
21 That thou hast slain my children, and delivered them to cause them to pass
through the fire for them? 22 And in all thine abominations and thy
whoredoms thou hast not remembered the days of thy youth, when thou wast naked
and bare, and wast polluted in thy blood.
And it came to pass after all
thy wickedness, (woe, woe unto thee! saith the Lord GOD;) 24 That thou
hast also built unto thee an eminent place, and hast made thee an high place in
every street. 25 Thou hast built thy high place at every head of the way,
and hast made thy beauty to be abhorred, and hast opened thy feet to every one
that passed by, and multiplied thy whoredoms. 26 Thou hast also committed
fornication with the Egyptians thy neighbours, great of flesh; and hast
increased thy whoredoms, to provoke me to anger. 27 Behold, therefore I
have stretched out my hand over thee, and have diminished thine ordinary food,
and delivered thee unto the will of them that hate thee, the daughters of the
Philistines, which are ashamed of thy lewd way.
Thou hast played the whore also
with the Assyrians, because thou wast unsatiable; yea, thou hast played the
harlot with them, and yet couldest not be satisfied. 29 Thou hast
moreover multiplied thy fornication in the land of
unto Chaldea; and yet thou wast not satisfied herewith. 30 How weak is
thine heart, saith the Lord GOD, seeing thou doest all these things, the work of
an imperious whorish woman; 31 In that thou buildest thine eminent place
in the head of every way, and makest thine high place in every street; and hast
not been as an harlot, in that thou scornest hire; 32 But as a wife that
committeth adultery, which taketh strangers instead of her husband!
They give gifts to all whores:
but thou givest thy gifts to all thy lovers, and hirest them, that they may come
unto thee on every side for thy whoredom. 34 And the contrary is in thee
from other women in thy whoredoms, whereas none followeth thee to commit
whoredoms: and in that thou givest a reward, and no reward is given unto thee,
therefore thou art contrary. 35 Wherefore, O harlot, hear the word of the
LORD: 36 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thy filthiness was poured out,
and thy nakedness discovered through thy whoredoms with thy lovers, and with all
the idols of thy abominations, and by the blood of thy children, which thou
didst give unto them."
"And is become the habitation of
devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and
hateful bird." What had started out as a nation worshipping God under the
law covenant and receiving the blessings of such worship had fallen to the level
that she now housed devils and had become a cage for unclean spirits and unclean
and hateful birds. The word devils means demons and most often refers to
Satan. Jerusalem had gone from being the house of the Lord to being the house
The word foul comes from a Greek word
meaning unclean. Thus, Jerusalem had become a cage for unclean spirits.
Certainly, the unclean spirits of politics, greed, jealousy, hatred, corruption,
and bitterness were present in the religious exercises of the Jews during the
time of Jesus ministry on earth. Jerusalem under the perverted religious system
known as Judaism had become a hold for these and other unclean spirits.
The reference to unclean and hateful
birds appears to point to the religious leaders of the Jews during that day.
Note the following:
1. Matt. 26:3 "Then assembled
together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto
the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, 4 And consulted
that they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill him."
2. Matt. 26:65 "Then the high
priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need
have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. 66 What
think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death. 67 Then did they
spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their
hands, 68 Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote
3. Luke 13:14 "And the ruler of
the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the
sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to
work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day. 15
The Lord then answered him, and said, Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of
you on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to
watering? 16 And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom
Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the
4. Acts 4:5 "And it came to pass
on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes, 6 And Annas
the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of
the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem. 7
And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what
name, have ye done this? 8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said
unto them, Ye rulers of the people, and elders of Israel, 9 If we this
day be examined of the good deed done to the impotent man, by what means he is
made whole; 10 Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel,
that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised
from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole.
11 This is the stone which was set
at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. 12
Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under
heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved."
"For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her
fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and
the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her
The Greek word translated as wrath is
defined as follows: 2372. thumos, thoo-mos'; from G2380; passion (as if
breathing hard):--fierceness, indignation, wrath. Comp. G5590. Thus, the wrath
of her fornication indicates the passion or fierceness of her fornication. The
indication above is that all nations drank up the passion or fierceness of the
wrath of her fornication. This is consistent with what we read in Rev. 12:15 "And
the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman, that he
might cause her to be carried away of the flood. 16 And the earth helped
the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the
dragon cast out of his mouth." The "nations of the earth that drank up
the wrath of her fornications" are the same as the "earth that opened her
mouth and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth."
This flood of false doctrine and practice, which Judah under Judaism sent forth,
is swallowed up by the nations of false religion upheld by the religious world.
The acceptance of this works system of eternal salvation by the worldly
religious organizations has resulted in the kings of the earth committing
spiritual fornication with Judaism. Rather than worshipping God in Spirit and
in truth, they are worshipping under a false works system, which is the serpents
system, set forth in the Garden of Eden.
As we have before shown, the kings of
the earth can have reference to God's born again people (those that God has made
kings and priests unto God) or to the rulers of the religious organizations. No
doubt, many of God's children are deceived by the things they have been taught.
They are drinking of the wine of the passion of Judaism. In addition, they are
committing spiritual fornication with her. If this were not so, then why is
there a call in verse 4 for God's people to come out of her? You cannot come
out of something of which you are not a part.
"The merchants of the earth are
waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies." The merchants
merchandise is listed for us in
Rev. 18:11: "And the merchants of the earth
shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: 12
The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls,
and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all
manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of
brass, and iron, and marble, 13 And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments,
and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and
sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men."
merchants had made quite a business in supplying the things that pertained to
the polluted law service known as Judaism. Even today the merchandise of
artifacts and trinkets and items associated with religion is an extremely
lucrative business throughout the world. However, not much money can be made
off the true worship of God as set forth in the New Testament.