Mixtures of Colors
In previous sections we have studied the correlation between various
colors and various bible subjects. Sometimes we see colors mixed
together in the scriptures to give us a portrait of various things. The
most common mixtures are of gold, blue, purple, scarlet and white. Some
things that contain these mixtures are the garments of the high priest,
the covering of the tabernacle, the veil of the tabernacle and temple,
the door of the tabernacle, and the gate of the court yard to the
tabernacle. We will examine these things in the next few essays to see
how the colors portray the character of these things.
of the High Priest
Ex. 28:4-8 "And these are the garments which they shall make; a
breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre,
and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother,
and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office. And
they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen.
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of
scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work. It shall have the two
shoulder pieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and so it shall
be joined together. And the curious girdle of the ephod, which is upon
it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof; even of gold,
of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen. And thou shalt
take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of
Israel: Six of their names on one stone, and the other six names of the
rest on the other stone, according to their birth."
These garments were the garments
to be worn by Aaron and his sons after him as they executed the office
of the High Priest. It is apparent to serious bible students that the
High Priesthood after the order of Aaron was a type of the Priesthood of
Jesus Christ. The garments worn by the High Priests showed forth in
types the nature, work, and several characteristics of the Lord Jesus
Christ, our High Priest after the order of Melchisidec.
We first view the ephod worn by
the High Priest. It showed forth the work of the Lord Jesus Christ. The
ephod was made of "gold, of blue, and purple, of scarlet, and fined
twined linen, with cunning work."
Gold is the bible color associated
with the subject of kings and kingdoms. Christ came as a Great Warrior
King to save his people from their sins. He came also to establish His
kingdom of heaven on earth.
Blue is the bible color associated
with laws and commandments. In order for this Great Warrior King to save
his people from their sins it was necessary that he first keep the laws
and prophecies of God perfectly: Matt. 5:17-18 "Think not that I am come
to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to
fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot
or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be
fulfilled." Jesus fulfilled the law and the prophets perfectly.
Purple is the bible color
associated with royalty. The things of the King are often referred to as
being royal. For instance in the Old Testament the following things of
kings are referred to as being royal: royal city; royal bounty; seed
royal; royal wine; crown royal; royal house; royal commandment; royal
estate; royal apparel; royal throne; royal diadem; royal pavilion; royal
statute; royal law; and royal priesthood. All of these things point to
the things which make up the Kingdom of heaven or Kingdom of God. Today,
the royal city would be the church; the seed royal would be the born
again elect children of God; the royal throne is where Christ sits as a
king; the royal law is God's commandments that we love our neighbors as
ourselves. The royal priesthood is set forth for us in 1 Pet. 2:9 "But
ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a
peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath
called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:" Thus, God's elect
people make up the royal priesthood of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Scarlet is the bible color
associated with war and sacrifice. Jesus came to save his people from
their sins. Also, without the shedding of blood is no remission. It was
necessary that Jesus be the perfect sacrifice for his sin-condemned and
hell-deserving people. They could do nothing to save themselves. The
work of redemption belonged solely to the Lord and he tread the
winepress of the wrath of God alone. He alone died on the cross and shed
his blood that his people might be delivered.
White is the bible color
associated with righteousness. Fine linen is clean and white. Through
the atoning blood of Christ we are not only redeemed from our sins but
we are made righteous in the eyes of God: 2 Cor. 5:21 "For he hath made
him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the
righteousness of God in him."
From the above, we see that the
colors of the ephod in type show us that Christ is the Great Warrior
King, which he kept the law and prophets perfectly, that he established
his kingdom on earth, and that he redeemed his people from their sins
and made them righteous before God.
"And thou shalt take two onyx
stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel: Six of
their names on one stone, and the other six names of the rest on the
other stone, according to their birth." Next, we read in Ex. 28:11, 12
"With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet,
shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of
Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold. And thou shalt
put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of
memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names
before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial." The onyx stones
are green in color and the color green is associated with the subject of
life. The twelve names engraved in the two stones represent the entire
elect family of God consisting of both Jews and Gentiles. They have life
through the work of the Lord Jesus Christ. He bore them on his shoulders
(their burdens were upon him) where he bore their burdens and delivered
them. He also gives them spiritual life.
Ex. 28:15-30 "And thou shalt make
the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the
ephod thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of
scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt thou make it. Foursquare it
shall be being doubled; a span shall be the length thereof, and a span
shall be the breadth thereof. And thou shalt set in it settings of
stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a
topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row. And the second row
shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. And the third row a
ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. And the fourth row a beryl, and an
onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their enclosings. And
the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve,
according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one
with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.
And thou shalt make upon the
breastplate chains at the ends of wreathen work of pure gold. And thou
shalt make upon the breastplate two rings of gold, and shalt put the two
rings on the two ends of the breastplate. And thou shalt put the two
wreathen chains of gold in the two rings which are on the ends of the
breastplate. And the other two ends of the two wreathen chains thou
shalt fasten in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulder pieces of
the ephod before it. And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou
shalt put them upon the two ends of the breastplate in the border
thereof, which is in the side of the ephod inward. And two other rings
of gold thou shalt make, and shalt put them on the two sides of the
ephod underneath, toward the forepart thereof, over against the other
coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod. And they shall
bind the breastplate by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod
with a lace of blue, that it may be above the curious girdle of the
ephod, and that the breastplate be not loosed from the ephod.
And Aaron shall bear the names of
the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart,
when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD
continually. And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim
and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in
before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of
Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually."
In the breastplate of judgment
there were twelve stones and each stone contained one of the names of
the children of Israel. All Israel was represented in these twelve
stones. Likewise in judgment the names of all the elect family of God
are worn upon the heart of our High Priest Jesus Christ. The High Priest
bore the names upon the breastplate as a memorial. Likewise, our High
Priest remembers all of his elect children and bore their judgment for
The connecting pieces connecting
the breastplate of judgment to the ephod are all of gold. We see the
handiwork of Christ our King tying all the work together. This points us
to the covenant of redemption whereby God has tied all the work of
redemption together: Rom. 8: 29, 30 "For whom he did foreknow, he also
did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might
be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom he did predestinate,
them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and
whom he justified, them he also glorified."
Ex. 28:31, 32 "And thou shalt make
the robe of the ephod all of blue. And there shall be an hole in the top
of it, in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round
about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon, that it be
not rent." Since the color blue is associated with laws or commandments,
it cannot be stressed too much that there could be no rents in the law.
Christ had to keep the law perfectly in order to be a perfect sacrifice.
Anything less than perfection would not be sufficient to make Christ the
perfect sacrifice for his people. Christ kept the law perfectly despite
all the efforts of Satan and his lieutenants.
Ex. 28:33-35 "And beneath upon the
hem of it thou shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of
scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells of gold between them
round about: A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a
pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about. And it shall be upon
Aaron to minister: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto
the holy place before the LORD, and when he cometh out, that he die
not." A bell gives a sound. A pomegranate is a very fruitful fruit. The
bell and the pomegranate were alternated. Thus you have a bell, then you
have a pomegranate. The correlation is that the sound would be heard
first then the fruit would appear. The golden bells and pomegranates
were on the hem of the robe of the ephod.
The work represented by the golden
bells and pomegranates was therefore dependent on the work of Christ the
High Priest to keep the law perfectly and become the perfect sacrifice.
The golden bell would represent the voice of the King. The pomegranate
would represent the fruit brought about by that voice. John 5:25 reads "
Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the
dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall
live." Every time the Lord through his voice speaks to someone who is
dead in trespasses and sins, that voice brings forth spiritual life. We
often refer to this as being born again or being born of the spirit.
Ex. 28:36-38 "And thou shalt make
a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a
signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD. And thou shalt put it on a blue lace, that
it may be upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be.
And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity
of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all
their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they
may be accepted before the LORD." In this we see the High Priest
represented also as a king (gold plate). Under the law kings could not
be high priests and high priests could not be king. However, Christ came
as a High Priest after the order of Melchisidec and not after the order
of Aaron. Melchisidec was king of Salem and his name meant king of
righteousness. The title of the High Priest was "HOLINESS TO THE LORD."
None has been as holy as our Lord Jesus Christ. He is the perfect keeper
of the law and the perfect redeemer of his people. He is the perfect
king of the kingdom and has done all things well. Because of Christ's
perfect work, our worship and service before God and our prayers unto
God are accepted.
Ex. 28:39 "And thou shalt
embroider the coat of fine linen, and thou shalt make the mitre of fine
linen, and thou shalt make the girdle of needlework." The fine linen
shows forth the perfect righteousness of our High Priest, the Lord Jesus
Christ. Jesus Christ was clothed with righteousness and he is the King
of righteousness. He is also our righteousness. Praise be to his holy