Romans Chapter 5
Benefits of Belief
Chapter 5, Verses
Rom. 5:1 "Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God
through our Lord Jesus Christ: 2 By whom also we have access by faith
into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of
In the above passage, Paul details
to us several benefits that we, who have been born of the Spirit of God,
have heard the gospel, and that have believed the truth, have:
1. The word, "therefore," points us
back to what God showed us in the previous chapter. We are justified
before God by his grace through the covenant sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
We become knowledgeable of this justification through the preaching of
the gospel and believe it by the faith that God imparted to us in the
New Birth. Thus, by faith in the covenant sacrifice of Jesus, we declare
that he has made us righteous. This is justification by faith.
2. We have peace with God through
the covenant sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ. Christ's sacrifice
satisfied God's just demands of executed justice because of our sins.
Furthermore, we have peace in our hearts knowing that Christ died for
us. This peace comes through hearing and believing the truth.
3. By this faith imparted to us in the new birth, we believe in the
finished work of Christ and enter into his church kingdom to serve him
through his grace. By faith, we stand in that service knowing that he
who redeemed us from our sins also will be with us in our service to
4. Furthermore, by faith, we can
look to the end of God's covenant, knowing he is faithful to execute his
covenant. Thus, by faith, we see ourselves glorified in the
resurrection. Thus, by faith, we hope for that resurrection and rejoice
in the glory of God.
Many Forms of Tribulation
Rom. 5:3 "And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing
that tribulation worketh patience; 4 And patience, experience; and
experience, hope: 5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God
is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us."
To glory in tribulations goes
completely contrary to our old fleshly nature. We try to do everything
to avoid tribulations. However, tribulations definitely work for our
spiritual well being as a child of God. James said, "My brethren, count
it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; Knowing this, that the
trying of your faith worketh patience" (James 1:2, 3). Peter, also said,
"Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are
in heaviness through manifold temptations: That the trial of your faith,
being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried
with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the
appearing of Jesus Christ" (1 Pet. 1:6, 7).
Tribulations can take many forms.
Tribulations include temptations, trials, persecutions, afflictions, and
troubles. Tribulations exercise our faith, which God gave to us in the
new birth. When tribulations come our way, we often try to solve the
tribulation through our own fleshly means. This usually results in
things getting worse. At first, when we are faced with tribulations and
have tried to solve them by our fleshly means and fleshly wisdom and
things get worse, then we turn to the Lord and through faith cry out
unto him to help us.
Patience is simply waiting upon the
Lord and trusting his promises. When tribulations exercise our faith, we
learn to wait upon the Lord and trust his promises. Thus, tribulations
exercise our faith to bring forth patience.
When we through faith patiently wait
upon the Lord and trust his promises, the result is that we see the
Lord's deliverances. Thus, we experience the Lord's deliverances in our
The more tribulations we have in
life, the more we learn to patiently wait upon the Lord. The more that
we patiently wait upon the Lord, the more we experience the Lord's
deliverances in our lives. The more that we experience the Lord's
deliverances in our lives, then the more that we hope for further
deliverances when we face tribulations. Thus, tribulation worketh
patience, patience experience, and experience, hope. Faith is the key to
all of this.
A person that has not faith will not
trust in the deliverance of the Lord. Because he will not trust in the
deliverance of the Lord, he will not experience the Lord's deliverances
in his life, and because he does not experience the Lord's deliverances,
he has not hope in future deliverances. He simply relies upon the
fleshly nature and fleshly wisdom when he is faced with tribulations.
"And hope maketh not ashamed;
because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost
which is given unto us." When we are born of the Spirit of God, God
writes his laws in our hearts and minds. These laws are the laws of
love. This love of God written in our hearts manifests itself in several
ways. One of the ways it manifests itself is to give us hope in the
promises of God. Since, when we trust in the promises of God, we find
that he is faithful to fulfill his promises, we are never made ashamed
of trusting in those promises.
Weak and Ungodly
Rom. 5:6 "For when we were yet
without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For
scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good
man some would even dare to die. 8 But God commendeth his love toward
us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. 9 Much more
then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath
through him. 10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God
by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved
by his life. 11 And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord
Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement."
In chapter 3, Paul had described all
men under the law of sin and death (Rom. 3:9-17). He described how that
all mankind was condemned and how there was none that did understand and
that there was none that did seek after God and how that there was none
that did any good. He concluded that there was no fear of God before
their eyes. In the above passage, Paul tells somewhat of the condition
of the redeemed before they were redeemed. In describing the redeemed,
before they were redeemed Paul uses four words or phrases: without
strength, ungodly, sinners, and enemies of God. Thus, before we were
redeemed we were without strength, ungodly, sinners and enemies of God.
This was true of all the redeemed.
Before we were redeemed we were
without strength. That is we had no ability whatsoever to recover
ourselves from our condemned state. We were as dead men. Paul
described us in Eph.2:1-3, thusly: "And you hath he quickened, who were
dead in trespasses and sins: Wherein in time past ye walked according to
the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the
air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: Among
whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our
flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by
nature the children of wrath, even as others." We were spiritually dead
in trespasses and sins. Being spiritually dead, we had no ability to
recover ourselves from our spiritually dead state or to bring about
redemption. It is completely foolish to ask a dead man to do anything.
A dead person has no strength, thus he cannot do anything. While we are
alive naturally, we were dead spiritually and completely unable to
perform any spiritual works or actions. To ask a spiritually dead
person to believe and to accept Christ is to give a spiritually dead
person an impossible task. He cannot believe and he cannot accept
Christ. He is without strength.
Next, we were ungodly. The word,
ungodly, describes our nature as being the complete opposite of the
nature of God. A person cannot change his nature. The prophet Jeremiah
asked the question in Jer. 13:23: "Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or
the leopard his spots? then may ye also do good, that are accustomed to
do evil." It is easier for an Ethiopian to change his skin and a
leopard to change his spots than for us to start doing good who were
before ungodly. Only God can change someone's nature or give someone a
Third, we were condemned sinners.
Since God is perfectly just, if someone is condemned under his laws,
then the punishment of that sin must take place. There is no such thing
as a sin going unpunished before God. God judges all sins. We, being
condemned sinners, stood under the condemnatory wrathful judgment of God
and we could do nothing to change that judgment.
Fourth, we were the enemies of God.
It was not as though we were going about trying to get right with God,
for we were not. Paul wrote in the Ephesian letter that we were walking
after the course of this world and the spirit working in us was the
spirit of Satan. Truly, we were warring against God as the very enemies
of God. Our every thought and action was contrary to God.
It was in contrast to these four
things (without strength, ungodly, sinners, and enemies of God) that God
manifested his love and grace towards us. First, Christ died for us:
"For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a
good man some would even dare to die. 8 But God commendeth his love
toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."
What no one else would even willingly think of doing, Christ died for us
when we were without strength, ungodly sinners, and enemies of God.
What amazing love that God loved us and Christ died for us when we were
in such a state. Truly, we were justified by his grace.
But, we are not just justified by
the blood of Christ, but we have the promise that we will not have to
face an eternal judgment because of sin: "Much more then, being now
justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him." We
can face the death of these mortal bodies without the fear of waking to
an eternal punishment. Surely, God's love is amazing.
Furthermore, because of Christ's
dying for us and now interceding for us, we can face the trials of this
life knowing he will be with us: "For if, when we were enemies, we were
reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled,
we shall be saved by his life. 11 And not only so, but we also joy in
God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the
atonement." Our joy is truly in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by
whom we have now received the atonement.